Other than chicken, goat is also one of the common and flexible animals for a farm, livestock animal and for a homestead. But unlike chicken, a goat can also be an amazing pet. As our topic would be about the best milk goat breed, we will stress and focus more on the use of the animal for livestock and homestead. It is actually a great thing to choose goat as one of your animals to breed as it can supply you with lots of milk and meat, varying the production on the type of goat you’ve chosen.
There are several goat breeds available that does not grow enough meat but can really provide you with a lot of significant amount of milk. Even though the types of milk breeds have good quality and delicious meat, it would be impractical to breed them for meat production. You’d spend so much for maintenance, supplement, and nutrition enhancement for something that’s not that abundant. The meat will also be expensive to sell compared to goat meat breeds. But there are some poultry and livestock investors that are breeding the animal for both milk and meat. The goat’s production of milk gradually decreases as they grow old but the meat is still quality and marketable.
Top 5 – Best Milk Goat Breeds
To help you with your decisions about what type of goats to breed for milking purposes, we have decided to bring you the top 5 milk goat breeds. Before that, here are some considerations you would like to think about when you start to breed a goat:
- Space – how much and how large would be the space you can willingly provide? The space you have will determine the number of goats you need.
- Amount of milk – Determine the amount of milk you want to produce in a day, varying it with how many goats you need to breed to achieve the expected amount of milk produced.
- Purpose of milk – A home consumption of milk just requires you a few goats and it could suffice. Marketing the milk is another story. This will require you a lot of milk goat breeds as well as space needed to grow them.
Nigerian Dwarf Goat
This breed of goat is small. It is considered a miniature breed for milking or for petting. It produces a lot of milk, unimaginable for its size. This is one of the top and best milk goat breed choice by most livestock/poultry and homestead owners. The animal can produce about 1 to 2 quarts of milk a day. The amount is pretty impressive considering the size of the animal which is about only 18 inches tall.
The buttermilk content of the breed is higher compared to other breeds which range from 6 to 10%. Buttermilk content means or is responsible for creamy and delicious milk, used for making cheese, yogurt, ice-cream and more. In addition, the Nigerian Dwarf Goat is also a wonderful breed for pets. They are lovable, cuddly, interactive, fun and is enough to produce a healthy beverage at home.
Most of this milk breed goats are great as pets. The Nubian goat is a cute and adorable goat with floppy ears. They may be small in size but they can produce 1 to 2 gallons of milk a day, an average is at least 1 gallon. Coming second to Nigerian Dwarf, the Nubian goat’s milk has 5 perfect buttermilk which makes your cheese, ice-cream, yogurt, etc., creamy and delicious.
The Nubian milk is mainly used for creating cheese and soaps. The amount of milk and the buttermilk content is just at the right rate, perfect for the production of cheese and soaps. The breed however, is a little bit noisy where it is not advisable for rural homes with neighbors that minds. Make sure to breed this type of goat in an area where no one will complain about them to avoid any legal violation and troubles.
This type of goat breed originated in France. The Alpine goat is strong, steady, and highly dependable breeds of goat. Unlike the previous goat milk breeds, the Alpine goat can grow medium to large. They produce milk not greater than the Nubian or the Nigerian Dwarf goat but the consistency of their milk production is reliable. They can produce a consistent 1 gallon a day and could sometimes produce more. The buttermilk content of the milk produced by Alpine goat consists of 3 to 4 percent of buttermilk.
The great thing about Alpine breeds is how tough they are. They can withstand and survive almost any climate. The breed can weigh up to 135 pounds with no problems on what to feed them as they are not that choosy when it comes to food. Quality hay and clean water is more than enough to grow the breed to its average size and weight.
Unlike the Alpine that could grow larger, the LaMancha can only grow to at least a medium size goat. The goat breed is distinguished by their lack of ears. It is an easy going breed with a good temperament. The breed produces a good amount of milk, about 1 to 2 gallons of creamy, white milk a day. The butterfat content in the milk is about 4 percent, the same with the Alpine breed. Ideally used for creations of cheese and soaps. When it comes to the production of milk, this breed does not differ much with the Alpine breed. However, the meat is far less compared to Alpine.
The largest among the diary or milk breeds of goat would be the Saanen. Relating to the breed’s size, they can also produce large amounts of milk, averaging 1.5 gallons of milk a day that could sometimes reach 2 or 3 gallons. The butterfat content of the milk, however, is the lowest among the top 5 milk breeds. The milk produce only has at least 2 to 3 percent of butterfat milk, far less compared to the previous 4 breeds but still sufficient and ideal to create cheese and yogurt.
Regardless of the breed chosen, we as owners, must provide them with enough care and implement good responsibility. We are the ones responsible in keeping a good health and environment for our animals. These include the food goats eat and space where they live.